New financial year, new contract – the rush to put QOF to bed is replaced by the rush to absorb the new implications of Primary Care Networks.
“Who do we want in our gang?”
Or is it, “Will anyone pick me?”
Anxieties from the school playground resurface. I was never any good at ball sports.
Already there’s a deluge of advice from all kinds of bodies, leadership development offers, model contracts and so on. Some of it is bound to be contradictory given the scale of change and I have to say a July start seems, er, courageous. Then again delay to anticipated fundamental change seems to be in fashion, so we’ll see.
I have a different question: how will PCNs work, from a patient’s perspective? In simple terms, patient presents with a need, GP decides the need is best met with a shared network person or service. How are they assigned, how long will they wait, who owns the case?
For the PCN, more questions arise. How will they predict demand, by type and volume? How will they manage capacity and measure performance? How will they allocate resources fairly between members?
I would love to hear your views. Please drop me an email with a few lines, or comment on the blog. No promises, but we’ll try to help.
PS It has been a pleasure to work with our highly talented videographers this week, at a simply astonishing practice. Very soon we’ll have the result, from prosperous Middle England. It’s just so hard to cut several hours down to 3 minutes.
Meanwhile the same team has made a short, just over a minute, from the other end of the spectrum in multi-ethnic East London. Before it goes out on social media your can sneak a look at Be More Barry. Just lovely to brighten up your weekend.
The Department of Health and Social Care published on 19/2/2019 its Code of Conduct for data-driven health and care technology.
Our response to the ten principles follows:
- Understand users, their needs and the context. askmyGP users are broadly two groups, patients and providers which includes all GP practice staff. Our design principles are for simplicity and ease of use, a difficult task when appealing to patients of all ages and abilities, both in general education and familiarity with online tools. We cater equally for proxies (parents and carers), all gender expressions, and keep language simple to help those with limited English. To assess our effectiveness we monitor age specific adoption by patients in each practice, and feedback from patients informs our development process.
- Define the outcome and how the technology will contribute to it. Our mission is to make it easier for patients to get help from their own GP, and easier for GPs to provide that help. We measure attainment against this outcome by volumes, response and completion times, and measures of efficiency through resolution mode by providers. We also collect and monitor patient feedback and present all measures to the provider organisations.
- Use data that is in line with appropriate guidelines for the purpose for which it is being used. We comply with all relevant legislation including GDPR, Data Protection Act 2018 and collect data only for necessary purposes. Personal data is processed on behalf of providers (the data controllers), stored and transmitted encrypted and over the secure N3/HSCN network. Anonymous data may be used for research and marketing purposes as allowed under the same principles.
- Be fair, transparent and accountable about what data is being used. All data is used in accordance with Caldicott principles, and the conditions are agreed by patients and providers.
- Make use of open standards. We support the use of open standards and wherever technically possible provide open links to others for legitimate interoperability reasons. We use standard NHS number coding for any authorised data transfers.
- Be transparent about the limitations of the data used and algorithms deployed. We collect and transmit plain text and other file formats between patients and providers, but we do not use algorithms to produce triage decisions or advice to patients.
- Show what type of algorithm is being developed or deployed, the ethical examination of how the data is used, how its performance will be validated and how it will be integrated into health and care provision. We do not develop algorithms. We do offer a third party service with Isabel Healthcare, which uses a machine learning approach. Our users may enter any number of symptoms, and be shown a range of possible conditions.
- Generate evidence of effectiveness for the intended use and value for money. Integral to our offer to all customers is standard reporting on usage, patient service, timeliness and efficiency through the use of askmyGP. We provide an economic model (Loadmaster), configurable by each customer, which demonstrates their value for money. We also conduct our own analysis of performance and value and may publish on this site and in other media from time to time.
- Make security integral to the design. From the outset of design, security has been built into askmyGP. Key features include:
- N3/HSCN access required for all live patient data by providers.
- Encryption of all patient data in transit and at rest
- Strength checked passwords required for all users.
- Separate code and database for live and demo systems
- Independent penetration testing and fulfillment of all comments raised.
- Define the commercial strategy. Our strategy is that self-funding customers should see a high rate of return from their investment, and do so from the date of launch (typically four weeks from engagement). Growth is therefore not dependent on taxpayer funding, but on efficiency and financial savings generated through the use of our services.
Harry Longman, 21 February 2019
I’ve been reflecting recently on what we mean by personal care. NHS England’s Head of Digital writes of the NHS Long Term Plan this week:
”… sets out an exciting ambition for care that is more personalised and tailored around the needs of the individual, enabling people to have more autonomy over their health and wellbeing. It describes a future where people will be empowered to participate in their care using digital services that truly meet their needs, help them live better with long term conditions, target prevention and offer them a much more personalised experience.”
No doubt the intention is good but I’m concerned that what we design and build should be grounded in the everyday needs of patients, and I don’t hear them using that language.
We get over 500 patient feedbacks each week and one of the strongest themes is thanks to a doctor or nurse they name.
What we hear from patients if I could summarise in a sentence is: “I need help with my medical problem from someone I trust.”
For patients, personal care faces outwards, they are dealing with another person they know and trust.
“Personalised” seems to me inward facing, a digital experience where the technology is configured with my preferences and perhaps my medical history. It might be clever and it might have value, but I’m not hearing from patients that they want autonomy, especially those who are most in need of help.
“Personal” brings us back to that question of continuity of care. It’s well documented to have fallen in recent years, but we also know that this is not inevitable.
Some I think seem to view continuity as a kind of spiritual nirvana, or a lost golden age where the family doctor had all the time in the world for everyone who dropped in to see them.
Back on earth, right now, it’s a simple operational problem of “Can a patient needing help choose a named clinician?”
We’ve always made this possible with a validated list shown to patients, of all clinicians working today, and around 20 – 30% of patients make a choice. But we’ve just introduced three improvements to make it easier both for patients and practices, since ease of use is the biggest driver of any change.
- While the patient may only choose someone working today, they can now look a week ahead to see when their chosen GP is available (they always have capacity same day)
- With our One Click Assign feature, a GP if named is starred so unless there’s a reason not to, the assigner will, with one click, put that patient request in front of said GP.
- Any patient can have a “Usual GP” set, if the practice wishes, so even if the patient doesn’t choose, the assigner can see that GP tagged with an icon in the One Click Assign list.
The outcome is that we are hearing every day from GPs and patients who feel empowered.
There’s a growing conversation on Twitter (follow @askmygp) from all sides, do take a look.
Some years ago I heard former RCS President Clare Marx speak and I have often quoted her words, “We must make the digital, personal”. So true, and yet I wonder whether she has been heeded?
Perhaps to make this work we should look at it the other way round.
“We need to enable the personal with digital”
That’s the task for NHS England’s Head of Personal.
PS Data geeks, this is fascinating. We’ve just published a study showing the age-specific adoption of online consultations. Covering 10 practices in the period 1/1/19 to 8/2/19, n = 37,634 requests, it shows that for young adults 70% are now seeking help online rather than by telephone, and even up to 65 it’s over half. These are normal regular local digital first practices.
PPS 4 new practices and another 30,000 patients covered last week, with Weston-super-Mare reaching half way in its project for the whole town.
What a year it has been already. First NASA’s New Horizons discovers a snowman at the edge of the solar system, then Chang’e 4 lands in a crater on the far side of the moon.
What are your dreams for 2019?
I learned this week from the little museum in Grantham that Margaret Thatcher’s father inspired her with the idea that “if you can think it, you can do it” (Love her or loathe her, there’s no question that she changed Britain. Yes, it was a small grocer’s shop, away from the town centre and no indoor bathroom).
So our dream for 2019 is that as we bring about happier patients and happier GPs, we help the profession to be more of what it is meant to be.
What is general practice meant to be?
My discovery of the week was the RCGP James Mackenzie Lecture given on 20th December by Prof Chris Salisbury. What better title than “Designing healthcare for the people who need it.”?
Christmas and New Year are past, we’re getting the house straight again, and have more time to reflect. So I have a little work for you today:
In under 50 minutes you will need to think, you will be challenged, you will laugh, and yet you will know it makes sense. You will contrast the conceptual strength of GP with the failures of implementation.
You will hear the most comprehensive and cogent critique of recent policy I’ve come across. If you are an optimist, you will nonetheless come away with hope that while change is necessary, if we can think it, we can do it..
We’ve had an exciting start to the year with a practice launch on 2nd January in Lincolnshire (clue!), two more next week in Somerset and an accelerating programme through the winter.
I don’t know where we’ll be at the end of the year but I know it will be absolutely focussed on implementation. Thank you Chris for helping us understand what it’s for.
Have a bolder and happier New Year,
PS I’m ambivalent about Thatcher but she was right about a lot of things. A banner in the museum, “I want to turn us from a nation of “Wait until it’s given to you” to one of “Do it yourself””.
People of every political stripe can sign up to that. By the way, we’re looking for GPs with that attitude.
PPS The response has been huge already for our free Digital Triage Experience, and we have now enabled the first user in each practice to invite their colleagues. Compare notes on how you triaged each of the 50 cases and the time you saved.
Today’s blog is by a patient, with permission and reproduced here in full. It’s the longest comment we’ve ever received and while it followed a normal request from a patient to his own GP near Ely, the vision takes flight.
“This new system will make the most enormous improvement to NHS healthcare and waiting lists at both Health centres and A and E there has been for many years.
The many advantages are obvious and predictable. It will greatly enhance the chances of speaking directly to your GP as soon as possible IF the patient has a potentially serious, or possibly life-threatening condition and even more important will allow the GP more time to read a carefully thought out email of the condition the patient is worried about.
It will also allow the GP to filter out timewasters, or people expecting Antibiotics for a virus, with the expectation that it is all they need and completely missing the whole point of why and where there are prescribed and therefore further reducing the effectiveness of antibiotics and the increasing resistance of viruses to them.
As a result, the waiting times for an appointment will be more responsive to the apparent severity and urgency of the individual patient’s condition and allow the GP to carefully analyse and make informed decisions on priorities regarding urgency, or non-urgency of face to face appointments.
Expectations and confidence amongst young parents in their local health centre will gradually rise, rather than immediately adding to the long list of worried people turning up and waiting in line for hours at A and E always wanting immediate attention from hospital staff who neither know them, or are aware of particular people who worry, perhaps too much, about their children’s possible health problems.
Given the constant and continuing limitations and financial constraints on the NHS in general, and healthcare centres in particular, this will prove to be one of the most considerable improvements to the healthcare system there has ever been! Great idea, hope every other NHS medical centre follows your lead.
9th October 2018”
This week marks seven years since I registered GP Access Ltd, aiming to make it easier for patients to get help from their own GP, and easier for GPs to provide that help. While we had the germ of a method from pioneering GPs including Chris Barlow and Simon Coupe, I knew that if we were to survive it would be through things not yet invented in 2011.
It hasn’t been easy but sometimes there’s a shaft of light, and Mr Tiley’s unsolicited comments encapsulate so well what we do that he deserves his own blog.
His practice, Staploe and Cathedral, launched on Monday and in five days has seen a complete transformation of their service. The wait to contact a named GP has dropped from weeks to minutes, and despite unplanned GP leave they have coped with all demand on the day.
Well done and thank you.
I’m sitting here in my shorts, tee shirt and sandals and it’s the middle of October. Yes, I’m in Leicestershire, for those thinking laterally, and I have a jumper on, but I felt it worth dressing up to make the point.
Unless you’ve already settled on Mars, you’ve noticed that it’s significantly warmer than in your youth and while a fine warm week in October is weather rather than climate, we know the trend is one way.
The IPCC warned this week that our fossil fuel burn must fall more rapidly than we thought. Policy must change, and behaviour must change.
We link our work with askmyGP directly to lower carbon use, because it saves travel to the GP surgery. It’s hard to measure the numbers with telephone consulting, but we have much better data now with some 10,000 patient requests via askmyGP each week. Roughly 9,000 are for the GP, of which 6,000 are resolved remotely. Say half would have involved a car journey of say 1 mile each way, that’s 6,000 road miles saved – and we have only just started.
I’m optimistic that if we do the right thing, a lower carbon future can be a better one all round, and I’m glad to say the patients agree.
“Fantastic service, much easier to speak to GP whilst sitting in the comfort of your own home. Many thanks” f 53
“So much better than getting in the car and visiting. Personal chat with my GP at a time convenient to us both.” f 65
“I think the new system is excellent. Saves time and must give the doctor more time to see patients who actually need proper medical attention. Saves me from having to bundle my 1 year old son on a bus and come up for nothing. Love the new system!”
And why should patients have all the fun? One of our practices has instituted a work-from-home-day for all the partners. They are as productive as ever if not more so, one telling me she saves a 50 minute car commute each way.
GPs keep telling me they are terribly stressed, and I’m sorry we don’t do counselling or mindfulness sessions. All we can offer is to change the system, but consulting in slippers is quite nice.
Anyway, if you haven’t yet seen it, listen mindfully for 25 minutes as
PS. When each request is completed, we invite the patient to leave feedback and about 5% do so. The real time chart shows about 3 to 1 say the new system is better v worse, but one wrote this yesterday which was moving:
“It’s more than better. This is revolutionary. No waiting to see a GP and the speed at which the service delivered is outstanding.
I’ve switched practices to Central….the doctors are way above my previous experiences with another practice” m 67.
Another patient yesterday wrote the longest comment we’ve ever seen, an essay. I’m going to publish it tomorrow, do look out.
*Featured image is one I took in a GP car park, the environmental consequence of “GP at scale”.
Have to say it makes one a little queasy to see the Secretary of State take the platform at a competitor HQ and tell they world he wants their product to be offered to everyone. Taking a few shortcuts on procurement, open competition, evidence and so on, but then he’s new.
Two things I share with Matt Hancock are his enthusiasm for how technology can help, and his frustration with the glacial rate of innovation adoption in the NHS (plenty of innovation does not equal high rate of adoption).
But we absolutely must see technology within the whole system context, which is why we call what we do “Systems thinking applied to general practice.”
Mr Hancock might like to consider a few matters before handing over the jewel in the NHS crown to Babylon’s GP at Hand:
– their patient profile is skewed to younger adults
– they’ve traded access for discontinuity of care
– their exclusions, agreed by NHS England, cover children, pregnancy, many chronic conditions, those who can’t travel, pretty much most of the demand on GPs.
– taking out the above patients leaves remaining GPs with most of the work but much less of the income.
He’s right that a quick query on an acute illness from the back of the ministerial Jag could and should be dealt with online (if appropriate) by the patient’s own NHS GP. But from the GP side, that’s a very small segment of demand.
I fear a sinister side to the Babylon gig on Thursday: BMJ reports that Ali Parsa is lobbying NHS England not to cut funding for “digital first” GP providers out of area. Well he would say that, but having the SoS publicly tout your product is quite a nice negotiating gambit.
We aren’t just going to rail at the darkness. It would be lovely to have the endorsement of the SoS but until then, we’ll let the evidence talk.
- Practices running askmyGP serve about 8 times as many NHS patients as GP at Hand.
- Last week they did 6,600 online requests, probably 3 times as many as GP at Hand (and twice as many as eConsult, who claim 500 practices now to our couple of dozen)
- All patients had a choice of their own GP.
- They are digital first but never digitally exclusive – patients are able to use the channel that works for them.
- They get a faster service than Babylon can do, response in minutes and face to face same day.
- No patients are excluded from the GP list or turned away.
Call it disruptive innovation if you wish, but we’re disrupting the operating model, not the business or contracting model. That’s why GPs love it.
Parsa announced on Thursday another $100million investment into his company to be spent on AI, on top of the $60m already sunk. I don’t know whether this has been systematically reviewed, but it couldn’t recognise my fungal toenail infection. More seriously, @DrMurphy11 has shown how it misses a “barn door PE”.
I’m announcing today a secret weapon in askmyGP. We call it HI. It’s used for every single clinical diagnosis and decision, and even better, it does care. It can care for any patient, even one deaf, blind, lame, foreign, depressed and pregnant all at once. It understands context, nuance, subtlety, ambiguity, the importance of relationships. It even takes responsibility.
We work with over 100 GPs and I can tell you, each one is worth well over $1million. So much we can’t measure it.
Something else you need to know about GP at Hand, which is why they worry so much about funding per patient. Their Achilles heel is operating costs, sky high, compared with regular partnerships offering digital first. Drop me an email to find out how we know.
Our mission is to enable regular local GPs to outcompete Babylon, online, on quality, service and profitability. We’re showing how any practice can do it. We’re growing multiple times faster than GP at Hand, adding another 20,000 patients this week.
Someone will notice before long. A GP copied me yesterday her invite to Mr Hancock to come and see askmyGP in action.
Game on, Babylon.
PS A North East practice launched two weeks ago and has already blown my socks off as well as its own. They’ve gone from a median 5 day wait to see a GP to median completed request in 70 minutes, and demand went down in week 2.
One of their 91 year old patients commented, “Excellent, this service should have come earlier”
No doubt your inboxes have been weighed down with the debate on the “2% pay rise for GPs”. Is it 2%, 1%, 3.4% or 4.2%? Of course it’s nothing of the sort.
It’s a contract uplift to independent contractors. If you buy a pencil, it comes out of your drawings. If you save a pencil, it goes into your drawings. I’m afraid the general public don’t understand this, but never mind.
There is no perfect model and of course it has its drawbacks, but I think the ability to run your own business is one of the great strengths of UK general practice. GPs have huge freedom to determine their own business performance, and therefore their profits and drawings.
Alongside improving patient service, one of our explicit goals is to make GP practice owners more profitable. Some of you seem rather coy about this, strangely, but I see it in very simple terms: why else would you pay us?
Because business owners take home the difference between income and expenses, they know that they can increase their incomes vastly more than 2% by investing in a machine to make pencils – I’ve over-extended the analogy.
Pencils are cheap but the expensive bit of the GP business is the GP. So the game is to make the GPs 30% or 40% more productive.
We are drawing near to Hancock’s Holy Trinity of “improving outcomes, helping clinicians and saving money”
Meanwhile there’s a monstrous failure: NHS England can’t persuade enough foreign trained GPs to come here. They wanted 2,000 no doubt at vast expense, and they are under half the target. They are looking in the wrong place. We already have the GPs. And by enabling them to be more efficient, and more profitable, we’ll have plenty.
It is a national scandal that a developed nation should steal the trained workforce from other countries who may have far fewer GPs per head than the UK.
We can do better.
PS I loved this tweet earlier today from @dave_dlt “Heck of a day, 4 sessions down then one partner needing to get away unexpectedly yet 1650 building calm and quiet”.
We are seeing partners shed locums and salaried sessions then still get away on time and enjoy the sunshine dividend.
Another week, another specification thumps onto the floor in front of my inbox. NHS Blithering CCG* has copied down the questions from the last lot, added the requirement to integrate with local place-based cloud-enabled remote home visits by Longstay (Vietnam) NHS Telecare plc, and there, ta-da, is the blueprint for online consultations.
As I read through the same tired wishlist, my heart sinks. Must have:
- red flags (unsafe and cut patient use by around 60%)
- symptom checkers to divert patients away (unsafe and patients hate them)
- ability to book GP appointment (wastes GP time as 70% of patients don’t need a face to face)
It goes on, and of course we aren’t going to rewrite our software to meet this specification and thereby ensure it doesn’t work. What’s missing from the list are many of the features which really do matter to patients and GPs, let alone any serious understanding of the journey of change which is much more expensive to deliver than software.
If the CCG has decided on a tick box procurement process, we’ve put ourselves at a serious disadvantage. We run a permanent policy of not lying about evidence, rather presenting the raw data and letting the customers talk about the outcomes. Worse still, we don’t promise the moon unless we have clear technical and economic means of reaching the moon. Overall disastrous.
So I’m going to ask you a genuine question, if you’re in an English CCG, or a GP affected by the DPS procurement process through the ringfenced £45m online consultations fund, set up by Arvind Madan, former eCONsult chief executive: should we pull out of the DPS?
CCGs can still procure askmyGP or any competing product via G-Cloud 10, and draw on the same £45m fund. We are fully compliant on patient safety, information governance, security and so on. But our product development is driven by the simple question “what works?” rather than “what is specified?”.
It’s a philosophy that has enabled orders of magnitude greater usage and value for patients and GPs.
What those tick boxes and essay writing competitions can never ask is whether it will do this. Copied to me yesterday by Dr Barry Sullman, writing to another GP and he’s delighted to share:
“AskmyGP is a revolutionary system, that has transformed my work/life balance. It is now normal for me to have breakfast, and tea with my family. It has also transformed care at the surgery, empowering patients, and creating efficient SAME DAY care.
But I don’t want to talk hyperbole. I want you to come and see this on a live system, where you can see this really happening. I have recovered the cost of the system in 3 months, and I will continue to recover the cost many times over indefinitely until I retire. Let me show you the math when you visit.
This is the future – and doctors need this sorely as do patients.”
So what do we do? Advice welcome or if you like put it in public and comment online.
PS Wales and Scotland do not suffer the same procurement blight as England and they are pulling ahead, as are English GPs investing in their own businesses for the return Barry mentions above.
*Blithering and its staff are an unregistered trademark of the great @jtweeterson, used without permission. The genuine article is here.